NYSC Mobilization Time Table For 2016 Batch A

NYSC Mobilization Time Table For 2016 Batch A

S/NO Event Date
1 2015 Batch B Post Mobilisation Workshop 19th – 21st November 2015
2 2016 Batch A pre-mobilization workshop. 5th – 9th January 2016
3 Briefing of corps Members/ final year students. 12th – 22nd January 2016
4 Display of list of all approved programmes for institutions on NYSC portal for cross checking 11th – 22nd January 2016
5 Collation of Prospective Corps Members’ Data by Corps Producing Institutions CPIs 11st – 25th January 2016
6 Submission/Uploading of Senate/Academic Board Approved Result for Full/Part-Time Graduates and Revalidation Lists by CPIs 25th January – 6th February 2016
7 Uploading of Corrected Lists by Corps Producing Institutions 25th January – 6th February 2016
8 On-line Registration by Foreign and locally Trained Nigerian Graduates 8th February – 12th March 2016
9 Entertainment of complaints from Prospective Corps Members by the state Deployment and Relocation officers and NYSC Help Lines/Desks 14th – 19th March, 2016
10 Forwarding of Complaints to Mobilisation Dept by State Deployment and Relocation officers 14th – 19th March, 2016
11 2016 Batch A Orientation Course (Stream I) 30th March – 18th April, 2016
12 2016 Batch A Orientation Course (Stream II) 27th April – 16th May, 2016

Requirements For Registration/Mobilization Of Graduates

I saw this information on the NYSC portal and hope it is of help to prospective corp members this year. nysc.jpg

This is to inform all prospective corps members, i.e. Nigerians who have graduated from Universities and Mono/Polytechnics both at home and abroad that the NYSC On-line registration portal will be opened from Monday 8th February to Sunday 28th February, 2016 to enable them register for the 2016 Batch ‘A’ mobilization.
In order to ensure a seamless registration, prospective corps members are to note the following for strict compliance:

  • The Website address is any of the following:
  • Prospective Corps members should ensure that they have functional e-mail addresses that they can access and Nigerian (GSM) telephone numbers with which to register.
  • Locally trained prospective Corps members are expected to use correct Matriculation numbers to register
  • For locally-trained graduates, only those whose names appear in the Senate/Academic Board Approved Result lists submitted by their Institutions will have access to the register on the NYSC portal.
  • Foreign-trained prospective corps members should ensure that their Institutions are accredited. Where in doubt, it is their responsibility to approach Federal Ministry of Education for verification. The letter of verification must be uploaded during registration.
  • Those who graduated from Institutions outside Nigeria, (Foreign-trained graduates), are to visit the NYSC portal, register and upload the following documents:
    • West African School Certificate(WASC) (with not less than 5 Credits at 2 sittings) or its equivalent; or General Certificate of Education (GCE O’ Level) (with not less than 5 Credits at 2 sittings) or its equivalent; or NECO (with not less than 5 Credits at 2 sittings) or its equivalent; or High School Diploma or its equivalent.
    • First Degree or Higher National Diploma (HND) Certificate (Second Degree or Ph.D not necessary).
    • Transcript of the first Degree or HND.
    • International travelling Passport showing data page and date of departure for the course of study.
  • It is the responsibility of the prospective corps members who studied in non-English speaking countries to get their Certificates and Transcripts translated into English language before uploading.
  • All graduates of Medicine, Veterinary Medicine, Physiotheraphy, Radiology, Optometry, Medical Laboratory Science and Pharmacy are expected to have their Certificates of Registration with their professional bodies. Payment receipts are not acceptable.
  • Unlike in the past, Foreign-trained graduates should NOT visit NYSC Headquarters, Abuja for verification of their documents. This exercise will now be done at the Orientation Camps. They should simply print their call-up letters on-line and report at the Orientation camps in their States of deployment, but should come to the camp with the original documents they uploaded for verification.
  • Anybody who presents any fake document will be demobilized and decamped.
  • Prospective corps members should ensure that Passport photographs used meet the following specifications:
    • Ensure your face (eyes, nose, ears, mouth and jaw) is fully shown without bending
    • Ensure the picture fills the frame and centralized
    • Ensure the Photo background is white or off-white with no shadow.
  • On no account should prospective corps members register by PROXY. They should also remember the fingers used for their biometric capturing as these will be used for verification at the orientation camps. Those who cannot be verified with their biometric at the orientation camp will not be registered.
  • Only prospective corps members who want their call-up numbers sent to them through SMS and wish to PRINT their call-up letters on-line are expected to pay the sum of Three Thousand Naira (N3,000.00) (see NYSC Portal on how to make payment).
  • Prospective Corps members who do not want to pay the N3,000.00 have the option of going to their schools to collect their call-up numbers and call-up letters.
  • All prospective corps members who paid for the online registration before but were not mobilized need not pay again.
  • Married female prospective corps members (whether locally or foreign-trained) should upload copies of their marriage Certificates, evidence of Change of name and their husbands’ place of domicile during registration.
  • The orientation camp is highly not ideal for pregnant and nursing mothers. Prospective corps members in this categoriy are therefore to note that they will not be accommodated.
  • Prospective corps members who graduated from Institutions located in the following Geo-Political Zones with challenges related to mobilization should contact the following Telephone Numbers between 8th and 27th February, 2016:
    • North Central – 08092142614
    • North East – 08102790538
    • North West – 08092142661
    • South East – 09038034460
    • South West – 07019190810
    • South South – 08092142616
  • All Part-time graduates are expected to register online and wait for collection of their Letter of Exclusion at their various Institutions. For those willing to print the Letter of Exclusion online, this can be done on payment of Three Thousand Naira (N3, 000.00) only.
  • PLEASE NOTE THAT ONCE THE PORTAL IS CLOSED ON SUNDAY, 28TH FEBRUARY 2016, THERE WILL BE NO FURTHER REGISTRATION.

The Life of a Nigerian Cultist in America

 

The Life of a Nigerian Cultist in AmericaIt is now glaring that secret cults and her members permeate the entire Nigerian society from high school students to Governors and law makers. Cultism has moved from who controls the campus to who controls the State and Federal Houses of Assemblies, Reps, Senators, Governors and other public offices.

Surprisingly enough, no Nigerian State or National leader past or present has had the political will or moral prowess to stop or at least decisively deal with the menace. Yes, cultism has become a menace to the Nigerian society. Cultism has been incentivized by Nigerian politicians and glamorized by low-life members. These cult members are psychologically depraved, unconscientiously ruinous and emotionally bankrupt with no value for human life.

From Rivers to Edo State Houses of Assembly, we have seen again and again how cultists have hijacked the governments. It is no longer an intellectual law-making debates or supremacy of ideas that take place in our Houses of Assemblies or the people’s business in Government Houses. It is now about which cult group carries the day. What transpired in Rivers State House of Assembly on July 9th and 10th is just a tip of the iceberg.

Sadly, it is only in Nigeria that these low-lives behave like emperors and warlords. Once they cross the shores of Nigeria, they become vegetative and useless to themselves. They cannot function productively. That is the case of a cult member (maybe former member(s)) I overheard in a restaurant in New York.

For the sake of clarity, I will describe those discussing as Friend 1 and Friend 2.

Friend 1: “O boy, this America self, it dey slow man well well ooo.”

Friend 2: “My brother, no be small something.”

Friend 1: “Sometimes I go look myself and say na me be dis?”

Friend 2: “Wetin we go do?”

Friend 1: “Before I leave naija, even wey I no dey work, I get reach 1.5 million naira for hand. Then election just finish. We get money well well from the election from LEVELs matter to run show. But for America you go work work you cannot even boast of $1,000 for account.”

Friend 2: “Man no dey get all those kind quick quick side money for America. Even the credit card runs wey boys be dey do don dabaru.”

Friend 1: “It get as it go be men, I go just go back to Naija. Some of my small boys dey ride Pajero Jeep now for runs wey dem do for the last election. You know how much for tear rubber Pajero wey dem get?”

Friend 2: “I hear too oo. So that rumor na true?”

Friend 1: “Na true na. You be think say na lie? This my guy so we be room-mate for campus then.”

Friend 2: “Thank God you just remind me. How far for your school? You don fit finish the program?”

Friend 1: “Finish wetin? I no sure if I go even fit go back to the school again. My GPA too low so dem put me on probation”. Since then, I no fit go back again. I try make I jack jack I no fit my brother. Family wahala for Naija come join am. Bring money bring money na him dem know.”

Friend 2: “I understand brother. If na Naija now we for send MEN make dem go talk to the lecturers na.”

Friend 1: “Wetin we dey talk since? I for don finish the school tay tay na if na Naija”.  America men, person no fit try those kind thing.”

Friend 2: “Exactly the same thing na him happen to Sunday wey he dey New Jersey. Guy man finally lock up for school matter”.

Friend 1: “Like say I fit finish the school men, I for don get better job by now. I dey dodge when I see some people wey we be start life together for America wey dem fit finish school. Dem get good jobs and dey make better money.”

Friend 2: “It go be, it go be.”

Friend 1:”You hear say all those boys just dey pluck each other again for naija? You hear wetin happen for Benin?”

Friend 2: “Na dem know oo. Man don do that one pass. If dem wan kill themselves, make dem dey do am for there. I dey think how I want take better for here na him I go come get time for CONFRA matter?”

Friend 1: “O boy if person dey that Naija, na him he get time for useless things. For here you no get time to waste for useless things.”

Friend 2: “If I leave here, na work I dey go till tomorrow morning. You know say weekend like this, all this America people dey like to enjoy. Dem go call off. So I dey always get overtime to work for weekend. Tomorrow na 16 hours I go work.”

Friend 1: “That overtime na him dey still dey make man fit get extra change oo.”

Friend 2: “I dey go. We go talk later. Bye bye.”

Friend 1: “Me go leave here now once I finish this beer. Bye bye.”

Obviously, you can tell that these guys are frustrated because they cannot unleash their salvage cultist activities in the US. Unfortunately, there are no professors for cultists to intimidate in America to pass their courses. You fail, you fail, you pass you pass.

There are no politicians in America to give them cash and buy them guns and SUVs to kill and maim people. Any attempt or group of attempts or attempted attempts, America will prosecute you to the fullest extent of the law.

So, my question for young Nigerians that have taken to cultism and those want-to-be cultists is simple: Does it make sense to join a nocturnal group that will not add any value to your life and will in all likelihood shorten your life on Earth?

If becoming a cult member will only provide temporary youthful exuberance and euphoria in Nigeria and cannot add value to your life outside that environment, then Cultism is useless and even more useless to Nigerians in the United States and those that plan to immigrate out of Nigeria someday.

God bless you and may God bless the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

By Paul Omoruyi

PHOTOS: 7 Things You Didn’t Know Were Invented By Kids

Kids are full of imagination, and sometimes, with the right encouragement, they just can create something amazing.

Below are 7 times you didn’t know were invited by kids:

Toy Truck

photo

In 1963, 6-year-old child inventor Robert Patch created a convertible toy truck. Patch had two goals for his truck: one, that it could easily be taken apart and put back together; two, that it could transform into all sorts of different vehicles. After drawing up a sketch, the boy got a patent for his idea, and the rest was playtime history

Trampoline

photo

In 1930, when George Nissen was a 16-year-old high school gymnast, he began tinkering with an idea for a bouncing apparatus to train on. But it wasn’t until 1934 that Nissen and his University of Iowa tumbling coach Larry Griswold built a device that actually worked. Then, in 1937, when Nissen was traveling the carnival circuit, he came across the Spanish word
trampolin, which means “diving board.” Adding an “e” to the end, he trademarked the name for what was to become a backyard family favorite.

Snow Mobile

photo

In 1922, when Canadian Joseph-Armand Bombardier was 15 years old, he was tinkering around with his dad’s old Ford Model T motor and decided to attach it to a sled to see if the machine could power through the snow. He enlisted the help of his brother to steer while he took control of the motor, and the first inklings of a powered snow machine were born. Fifteen years later his device, the B-7, was the first snowmobile to hit stores.

Television

photo

Just about everyone owns a TV, but did you ever dream that a teenager came up with the idea? In 1920, 14-year-old Philo Farnsworth first conceived of it, supposedly while he was plowing a potato field. In 1926, he and his business partner founded Crocker Research Laboratories (later named Farnsworth Radio and Television Corporation); only one year after that, the first-ever transmitted images were sent.

Popsicles

photo

In 1905, when Frank Epperson was 11 years old, he was trying to concoct his own version of soda pop. One particularly cold night, he left his beverage—a glass filled with soda water powder and water—outside on the porch by accident, with the mixing stick still in it. The ingredients froze overnight and Epperson was inspired. In 1924, after the young inventor had some success in the real estate business, he applied for a patent, naming his creation the Epsicle. Later, it was changed it to the now well-known Popsicle.

Earmuffs

photo

Chester Greenwood grew up ice skating in his native Maine. One day in 1873, the 15-year-old finally became so annoyed with how cold his ears became outdoors that he asked his grandmother to sew fur onto a two-loop wire he created. Soon he had a patented and approved model of what he originally called ear protectors. The state of Maine is so thankful for his invention that every December 21 is celebrated as “Chester Greenwood Day.”

Braille

photo

Born in France in 1809, Louis Braille was blinded by an injury when he was only 3 years old. In 1824, while he was a 15-year-old student at the Royal Institute for Blind Youth in Paris, he created a type of reading that involved raised, imprinted dots organized in a pattern to facilitate learning. The first Braille book was released in 1829—and Louis Braille went on to become an instructor at the school where he had once been a student.

Rohypnol: The Rape Drug, Abuse and Treatment

Generic name: flunitrazepam
Brand Names: Rohypnol, others; not available legally in U.S. but is available in other countries
Common or street names: forget me drug, roches, roofies, ruffles; other names include date rape drug, la roche, R2, rib, roach, roofenol, rope, rophies, the forget pill, getting roached, lunch money drug, Mexican Valium, pingus, Reynolds, Robutal, wolfies.

What is Rohypnol?

rohypnol1

Rohypnol is an intermediate-acting benzodiazepine with general properties similar to those of Valium (diazepam). It is used in the short-term treatment of insomnia, as a pre-medication in surgical procedures and for inducing anaesthesia.

Like other benzodiazepines (such as Valium, Librium and Xanax), Rohypnol’s effects include sedation, muscle relaxation, reduction in anxiety, and prevention of convulsions. However, Rohypnol’s sedative effects are approximately 7 to 10 times stronger than Valium. The effects of Rohypnol appear 15 to 20 minutes after administration and last approximately four to six hours. Some residual effects can be found 12 hours or more after administration.

Since the 1990s Rohypnol has been used illegally to lessen the depression caused by the abuse of stimulants, such as cocaine and methamphetamine, and also as an aid for sexual assault.

The so-called “date-rape drug” was placed unknowingly in the drinks of victims, often at a bar or party (“club drug”). Due to the strong amnesia produced by the drug, victims would have limited or no recollection of the assault.

Though Rohypnol is classified as a Schedule IV controlled substance, the U.S. Department of Justice prosecutes the possession, trafficking, and distribution of Rohypnol with penalties equivalent to those associated with Schedule I substances (such as Ecstasy, marijuana, cocaine, and heroin).

Abuse Potential

While Rohypnol has become widely known for its use as a date-rape drug, it is abused more frequently for other reasons. It is abused by high school students, college students, street gang members, rave party attendees, and heroin and cocaine abusers to produce profound intoxication, boost the high of heroin, and modulate the effects of cocaine.

Teenagers and young males age 13 to 30 have been noted as the primary abusers of Rohypnol. Rohypnol is usually consumed orally, and is often combined with alcohol. It may also be abused by crushing tablets and snorting the powder, or by dissolving prior to injection.

Rohypnol Abuse

The short-term effects of Rohypnol generally began to be felt within 30 minutes of ingesting the drug, and can include the following:

  • Confusion and disorientation
  • Extreme relaxation
  • Vision problems
  • Coordination problems and slurred speech
  • Dizziness and nausea
  • Loss of inhibitions
  • Extreme sleepiness
  • Loss of consciousness

The effects of Rohypnol abuse usually last between three and eight hours. Afterward, as indicated earlier, an individual who has ingested Rohypnol may not be able to remember what occurred while he or she was under the influence of Rohypnol.

Rohypnol Addiction

Rohypnol abuse can lead to tolerance (needing increasingly larger doses of Rohypnol to experience the safe effect), as well as to physical and psychological dependence.

Rohypnol overdose can lead to a number of negative outcomes, including respiratory distress (significant breathing problems), coma, and death.

Withdrawal symptoms associated with Rohypnol include seizures, extreme insomnia, psychosis, and anxiety.

Rohypnol Treatment

Treatment for Rohypnol abuse or addiction depends upon several factors, including the age and gender of the patient, the length and severity of the patient’s drug problems, and the presence of any co-occurring disorders.

Treatment for Rohypnol abuse or addiction may be done on an outpatient, residential, or partial hospitalization basis.

Treatment for Rohypnol abuse or addiction may include the following therapies and techniques:

  • Individual therapy
  • Group therapy
  • Family therapy
  • 12-Step education
  • Relapse-prevention instruction
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
  • Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT)
  • Biofeedback & Neurofeedback
  • Medication management
  • Anger management
  • Hypnotherapy
  • Recreation therapy

This Article was curbed from CrcHealth.com and Drugs.com

If there are any other drugs you would like me to discuss about please leave a comment. Thank you.

Critical Issues Facing Africa: Terrorism, War, and Political Violence

Critical Issues Facing Africa: Terrorism, War, and Political ViolenceCaptured Boko Haram Weaponry, Via Heather Murdoch/VOA

During 2014, along with the horrific outbreak of Ebola in West Africa, the continent as a whole experienced one of the more turbulent years in its recent history with widespread protests, unrest, civil wars, and insurgencies. The most recent flare-up of this new wave of violence resulted in Boko Haram’s deadliest attack ever, the massacre of an estimated 2,000 people in the northeastern village of Doron Baga.

In the wake of this attack, American policymakers must acknowledge the threats that ongoing conflicts in Africa have to the well-being, safety, and interests of the citizens of African states and those of U.S. citizens living and working abroad.

AMISOM Troops on Mogadishu's Frontline

The more stable that Africa becomes, the better able the United States and its citizens will be able to pursue humanitarian and economic relationships with African states and their citizens. The more unstable that Africa becomes, the more the people of Africa will suffer at the hands of opportunistic, militant actors like Boko Haram and al Shabaab, the more volatility will manifest itself in world markets, and the less able the U.S. and its partners will be able to accomplish their humanitarian and developmental aims. Most troublingly, many conflicts currently taking place in Africa, like Boko Haram’s insurgency and the Second Libyan Civil War, are intensifying and spreading to surrounding states, increasing the risk of negative outcomes.

In this vein, the American Security Project (ASP) is proud to release “Critical Issues Facing Africa: Terrorism, War, and Political Violence,” featuring data from the Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project (ACLED). This report blends together powerful quantitative and qualitative analyses to show how political violence in Africa unfolded during 2014, how it changed from 2013 – 2014, and how it will change going into 2015. Explore the data yourself through nine interactive charts.

The following three topics – “Overview of Political Violence in Africa During 2014″, “Trends in Political Violence in Africa Over Time”, and “Major Ongoing Conflicts in Africa During 2014 – 2015″ – are at the core of Africa’s security challenge.

Overview of Political Violence in Africa During 2014

DEATHS FROM POLITICAL VIOLENCE IN AFRICA BY COUNTRY, 2014

0011,52911,529

Main Takeaways: The African countries that suffered the most deaths from political violence in during 2014 are generally located near the southern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, the Sudan, the Sahel, the Horn of Africa, and the Niger River Delta.

AFRICAN COUNTRIES THAT SUFFERED THE MOST DEATHS
FROM POLITICAL VIOLENCE DURING 2014

CentralAfricanRepublicSudanSomaliaSouthSudanNigeria1,0004,0007,00010,00013,000Deaths From Political Violence

Country Deaths From Political Violence
Central African Republic 3347
Sudan 3892
Somalia 4447
South Sudan 6389
Nigeria 11529

Main Takeaways: The African countries that experienced the most deaths from political violence in 2014 are: 1) Nigeria, 2) South Sudan, 3) Somalia, 4) Sudan, 5) the Central African Republic.

PERCENTAGE OF TOP FIVE AFRICAN COUNTRIES OUT OF
TOTAL DEATHS FROM POLITICAL VIOLENCE IN 2014

NigeriaSouth SudanSomaliaSudanAll Other Countries

Deaths From Political Violence Adherents
All Other Countries 9587
Central African Republic 3347
Sudan 3892
Somalia 4447
South Sudan 6389
Nigeria 11529

Main Takeaways: Deaths from the countries that experienced the most deaths from political violence during 2014 – Nigeria, South Sudan, Somalia, Sudan, and the Central African Republic – constituted 75.5% of continent-wide deaths in 2014,suggesting a high level of concentration of conflict in a few specific areas.

Trends in Political Violence in Africa Over Time

TOTAL DEATHS FROM POLITICAL VIOLENCE IN AFRICA, 2010 – 2014

20102011201220132014010,00020,00030,00040,000YearDeaths From Political Violence

Year Total Deaths From Political Violence in Africa
2010 12400
2011 19021
2012 15201
2013 29851
2014 39191

Main Takeaways: Since 2010, the number of deaths from political violence in Africa has increased significantly. In this regard, 2014, with its rising numbers of deaths from political violence over 2013, was within an established pattern.

NOMINAL CHANGE IN DEATHS FROM POLITICAL VIOLENCE IN
AFRICA BY COUNTRY, 2013 – 2014

-2,924-2,9246,8156,815

Main Takeaways: The regions of Africa that experienced the highest nominal increases in the number of deaths from political violence from 2013 to 2014 are located in a latitudinal belt extending from the Niger River Delta in the West to South Sudan and the Horn of Africa in the East. There was also a pronounced increase on the southern coast of the Mediterranean Sea in Libya. The regions of Africa that experienced the highest nominal declines in the number of deaths from political violence from 2013 to 2014 are the Nile River Delta and Northern Sudan in the northeast and the Congo River to the south of the belt of increased violence.

TOP FIVE NOMINAL INCREASES AND DECLINES IN DEATHS
FROM POLITICAL VIOLENCE IN AFRICA, 2013 – 2014

SudanEgyptDemocratic Republic of C…MaliEthiopiaSomaliaCameroonLibyaSouth SudanNigeria-3,00003,0006,0009,000Nominal Change in Deaths From Political Violence2013 – 2014

Country Change in Deaths From Political Violence
Sudan -2924
Egypt -1144
Democratic Republic of Congo -741
Mali -490
Ethiopia -288
Somalia 1294
Cameroon 1328
Libya 2192
South Sudan 2221
Nigeria 6815

Main Takeaways: The African countries that experienced the highest nominal increases in deaths from political violence from 2013 to 2014 are: 1) Nigeria, 2) South Sudan, 3) Libya, 4) Cameroon, 5) Somalia. The African countries that experienced the highest nominal declines in deaths from political violence from 2013 to 2014 are: 1) Sudan, 2) Egypt, 3) the Democratic Republic of Congo, 4) Mali, 5) Ethiopia.

PERCENTAGE CHANGE IN DEATHS FROM POLITICAL VIOLENCE IN
AFRICA BY COUNTRY, 2013 – 2014

-100-1003,4953,495

Main Takeaways: The regions of Africa that experienced the highest percentage increases in the number of deaths from political violence from 2013 to 2014 are located in a longitudinal belt extending from the Niger River Delta in the South to the southern coast of the Mediterranean sea in the North. The northwest and northeast corners of the continent experienced small declines along with most of central Africa.

TOP FIVE PERCENTAGE INCREASES AND DECLINES IN DEATHS
FROM POLITICAL VIOLENCE IN AFRICA, 2013 – 2014

AngolaTogoGuineaEritreaRepublic of CongoBurkina FasoUgandaLibyaChadCameroon-1,50001,5003,0004,500Change in Deaths From Political Violence 2013 -2014

Country % Change in Deaths From Political Violence
Angola -100
Togo -100
Guinea -91
Eritrea -88
Republic of Congo -73
Burkina Faso 414
Uganda 474
Libya 495
Chad 900
Cameroon 3495

Main Takeaways: The African countries that experienced the highest percentage increases in deaths from political violence from 2013 to 2014 are: 1) Cameroon, 2) Chad, 3) Libya, 4) Uganda, 5) Burkina Faso. The African countries that experienced the highest percentage declines in deaths from political violence from 2013 to 2014 are: 1) Angola, 2) Togo, 3) Guinea, 4) Eritrea, 5) the Republic of Congo.

Major Ongoing Conflicts in Africa During 2014 – 2015

MAP OF MAJOR ONGOING CONFLICTS IN AFRICA, 2014 – 2015

Main Takeaways:
Central Africa
The epicenter of political violence in Africa during 2014 was undoubtedly Nigeria, particularly its northeastern border with Cameroon, Chad, and Niger. Boko Haram’s insurgency cost thousands of lives, displaced countless more, and led to widespread devastation. The past year also saw Boko Haram expand its operations into neighboringCameroon where security forces have faced challenges in containing its increasing strength and widening field of action.

Troublingly, it is becoming increasingly evident that neighboring Chad and Niger, which have already experienced large numbers of displaced persons and refugees from Nigeria, are being drawn into the conflict. As a result, the African Union, which has, in the recent past, deployed sizeable military forces to Somalia and Mali, is considering a new mission in the area to contain and rollback Boko Haram.

North Africa
To the North, Libya descended into civil war with a faction associated with General Khalifa Haftar and the National Government in Tobruk controlling the eastern half of the country and a faction associated with Libya Dawn (Fajr Libya) and islamist groups like Ansar al-Sharia controlling the western half.

As with Boko Haram’s destabilization of the entire Niger River Delta region, the nascent Second Libyan Civil War threatens to destabilize surrounding Egypt, Tunisia, and Algeria. Moreover, as the power vacuum in northeastern Syria was a crucial factor in the rise of ISIS, islamist groups may seek to increasingly co-opt the Libya Dawn coalition in the western part of the country or carve out their own areas of control and influence. There are some encouraging signs in nearby Egypt, Algeria, Mali, and Sudan, which have all seen declines in deaths from political violence during 2014, but still face sizeable ethnic and sectarian insurgencies of their own.

East Africa
To the East, the Central African Republic continued to suffer from a civil war between Seleka, Anti-Balaka, and Government militias. The Seleka, associated with militant Islam, and the Anti-Balaka, associated with militant Christianity and Animism, are attempting to force a breakup of the country along sectarian and ethnic lines with the country’s population caught in the fatal crossfire.

In neighboring South Sudan, civil war between factions associated with the country’s Dinka and Nuer tribes intensified while, to the north, fighting between South Sudanese separatists and the government of Omar al-Bashir declined, but still constituted a major conflict. Farther to the East in Somalia, fighting between the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) and the islamist, militant group al Shabaab also intensified.

Southern Africa
To the South, the Democratic Republic of Congo’s endemic strife calmed while the number of deaths from political violence in Uganda increased.

Other than civil strife in South Africa, most of the continent’s southern tip saw both low levels of deaths from violence and little change in the total numbers of deaths from the previous year. However, off the eastern coast of Africa, Madagascar has experienced a marked increase in deaths, particularly involving a number of insurgent Dahalo militias.

Conclusions and Executive Summary

OVERALL TRENDS

During the past few years, violence in Africa has, undoubtedly, increased from its recent historic levels. Moreover, it is clear that the current phase of this violence is highly concentrated in a small number of high-profile conflicts: the Boko Haram insurgency in Central Africa, the Second Libyan Civil War to the north of the Sahara, and the al Shabaab insurgency in the continent’s eastern horn.

This violence has predominantly taken the shape of 1) conflicts between sectarian and ethnic insurgent groups and state governments and 2) civil war between various coalitions of sectarian and ethnic groups fighting for control of the state itself.

While this article’s quantitative analysis is limited to the number of people killed in conflict, there is strong evidence to suggest that the personal suffering of African citizens injured or displaced and the loss of potential development and economic opportunity from the instability that high levels of violence engenders are substantial, if not increasing as well.

Importantly, as with ISIS, many groups latch onto larger organizations like Boko Haram and al Shabaab not necessarily because they believe in their ideology, but rather because they possess the strongest, relative organizational structure and, thus, represent the best conduit for these groups to achieve their separate objectives. At the same time, these groups risk being co-opted by the larger organization and ideology that they believe they can restrain and control.

WHAT IS TO BE DONE?

During a time in which advances in communication, economic integration, and political solidarity find the world’s many nations drawn together into a closely-knit network, both the emerging and persistent threats to the security of Africa constitute a threat to all, especially the United States.

In consideration of the analyses presented in these articles, U.S. policymakers and citizens must consider seriously these threats and work to devise effective solutions.

Source: American Security Project

15 JAMB CBT Registration Tips You Should Know As Closing Date Nears [JAN. 30]

According to information available on the Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB) website, the registration for 2015 Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) will close on Friday, January 30, 2015.

jamb-logo

If you have not yet bought and filled your form, it means you have only 10 days to do so.

For those who have bought the form, here is a checklist of tips to help you register without making the mistakes most candidates make.

These 15 instructions, compiled from the JAMB website, will guide you to fill the registration form and it is important that you understand them:

1. You need your PIN and serial Number during Sign In. The Sign In module enables you to validate your PIN and allows you to supply your basic personal details including biometrics and Passport Photograph.

2. On first use, your personal details including your biometrics fingerprints and recent Passport photograph shall be captured after which you shall be redirected to the Registration page.

3. Ensure that you have an electronic copy of your Most Recent Passport Photograph (not older than 3 months) before you start your registration.

4. Your Biometrics, Passport Photograph and other Registration details can be captured online or offline. These details shall be verified on first visit (Sign-In) and shall not be required subsequently.

5. After the first time in, subsequent Sign In shall redirect you to the Registration page, if you have not registered, otherwise, to the Home page.

6. On successful Sign-In, you shall be redirected to the registration page, if you have not registered. If your complete registration details including your Examination Town were captured offline, these shall be loaded for re-verification.

7. Note that the only Test option available is CBT (Computer Based Test) which can be selected during offline registration and also available online. If you have otherwise submitted your form, you shall be redirected to the home page so that you can have access to other facilities on your profile.

8. The red asterisk (*) appearing besides some text boxes on the Registration forms is an indication that the option is compulsory and must be filled with valid data.

9. After filling the form, on the confirmation Page, you will see Discard and Submit buttons. Clicking the Discard button means you still have intention to re-visit your form and may make further changes.

10. Your form gets to JAMB ONLY when you click on Submit button. On submission, you shall be redirected to Registration Slip page for printing.

11. You cannot change your Exam Town after you have submitted your form.

12. Multiple Registration is not allowed and may be punished.

13. If you did not submit your form before the close of registration, your entry is forfeited.

14. Please keep your Card and Receipt properly. If you misplace your card, your details can be accessed by someone else if found.

15. Always Logout before quitting the system!

Wishing you all ‘Best of Luck’……

Source: 360nobs.com